Japanese grammar is normally subject–object–verb with particles marking the grammatical function of words, and sentence structure is topic–comment.

Japanese Grammar follows a standard Subject-Object-Verb structure.

Unlike English, where this is typically Subject-Verb-Object instead.

SubjectObjectVerb
私は食べ物をたべます
Ifoodeat.

Learn the basics

  • Particles
    In Japanese, we can use particles such as は、も、が and many more to define sentence structure and portray meaning.
  • です DESU
    Desu です is a polite Japanese verb which means “to be”, "is", "am".
  • じゃない Negative
    Negative words in Japanese are formed by conjugation.
  • た Past State
    In casual Japanese, it's standard to express something as being in the past state by changing the verb or adjective to its た (~ ta) form.

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